wiki:De:TaggingPresets

Version 8 (modified by Klumbumbus, 7 years ago) (diff)

update

Die Syntax der Objektvorlagen wurde geändert und die Kopie des XML-Dokuments muss mit der Wikidokumentation zusammengeführt werden. Weiterhin sind einige Teile noch nicht übersetzt.

Objektvorlagen

JOSM unterstützt verteilte Objektvorlagen. Eine XML-Konfigurationsdatei, um die Eingabe von Tags (oder Eigenschaften, Anmerkungen) mit einem Dialog zu beschreiben. Die XML-Dateien können überall im Netz oder lokal im Dateisystem gespeichert werden. Objektvorlagen können durch den Benutzer auf der zentralen Seite JOSM Objektvorlagen hinzugefügt werden.

Installieren einer Objektvorlage

Öffne den Einstellungen Dialog, klicke auf source:trunk/images/preferences/map.png Karteneinstellungen und selektiere den dritten Reiter Objektvorlagen.


Beispiel einer Objektvorlage

<presets xmlns="http://josm.openstreetmap.de/tagging-preset-1.0">
  <item name="Highway">
    <label text="Inserting a highway in UK" />

    <text key="name" text="Highway (e.g. M3)" />
    <combo key="highway" text="Type" values="major,minor" />

    <!-- Highways are usually oneway -->
    <check key="oneway" text="Oneway" default="on" />

    <!-- Always setting class=highway -->
    <key key="class" value="highway" />
  </item>
</presets>

Beim veröffentlichen einer Objektvorlage – ergänze die Liste der Objektvorlagen

Siehe JOSM Objektvorlagen.

Veröffentlichen einer neuen Objektvorlage – XML Format Beschreibung

Die Beschreibung einer Objektvorlage geschieht in einem einfachen XML Format.

Im Kommentarbereich von defaultpresets.xml steht die gültige Formatbeschreibung.

Das vollständige XSD Schema ist im Namensraum URI (http://josm.openstreetmap.de/tagging-preset-1.0) sowie im Quellverzeichnis verfügbar.


Develop a new preset – XML Format description (outdated!)

Tags

The document prolog:

<presets>
Has to be the main tag of the file. Supports following attributes
  • xmlns="http://josm.openstreetmap.de/tagging-preset-1.0"
  • author - the name of the author
  • version - a version of the file
  • description (i18n) - description what the file contains
  • shortdescription (i18n) - short overview description
  • link (i18n) - web link to further details
  • icon - informational icon for the preset

Comments:

<!-- this is an example comment -->
The document can contain embedded comments.

Menu creation:

<group>
Used to group items in sub menus. name is required, icon is optional attribute.
<item>
Every item is one annotation set to select from. name is required, icon is optional attribute.
<separator/>
Insert a line separator into the menu.

Create instructions for the user:

<label>
Labels are static texts for display. text is a required attribute.
<optional>
Used to group some optional elements of an item. Possibly equivalent to <label text="Optional Attributes:"/>
<space />
Add some space (ie a newline) in the preset display. Possibly equivalent to <label text=" "/>
<link>
Specify a web link for this feature or to anything else of use. The href attribute is required.

Attribute entry and selection dialog boxes:

<text>
A text edit field to enter any arbitrary string from the user. key is mandatory, text, default and required is optional
<combo>
Displays a multiple choice combo box. key and values are mandatory and text, default, editable and required is optional. If editable is true (default), combo boxes can be edited as if they were text fields (additional to the drop down menu). Non editable combo boxes can only contain one of the specified values.
<multiselect>
Displays a list from which zero or more items can be chosen. key and values are mandatory, and text, default, delimiter, and required are optional. The selected values will be concatenated with the specified delimiter (default: semicolon) and written to the tag value. If a tag value has already been set when the preset dialog is opened, the multiselect will attempt to mark the appropriate items in the list as select. If the tag value cannot be represented by a combination of choices in the list, then the list will be disabled so that the user cannot accidentally overwrite a custom value. In contrast to the "combo" element, the "multiselect" expects the list of values, descriptions etc. to use the specified delimiter, i.e. by default you will have to use a semicolon. You can specify delimiter="," but then a comma will also be used in the tag value.
<check>
A checkbox which the user can only select or deselect. The key attribute is mandatory. text, default and required is optional.

Set a key value pair:

<key>
This tag will always set a key to a specific value. key is required and if value is present, the key will be set. If value attribute is ommited, the key is removed.

Attribute

The attributes of the tags have the following meaning:

name="a_name"
Specify a name for an item. This name will be used in the GUI to display the tagging preset.
name_context="context"
Translation context for name attribute to separate equals words with different meaning (not required for in-file translations).
type="data_type"
When specified, only objects of the given type will be changed at all by this tagging preset. Can be "node", "relation", "way", "closedway" or any comma separated combination of them.
icon="iconname"
A name of an icon that is within any classpath in the subdirectory of /images/symbols. You can load plugin-jar's to provide those images as well. The image will be used as icon to display in the selection list and when adding the preset to the toolbar. The icon should be quadratic in size.
key="some_key"
This specifies the property key that will be modified by the item.
text="Any text"
The description, that will be displayed before (after in case of <check>) the gui element.
text_context="context"
Translation context for text attribute to separate equals words with different meaning (not required for in-file translations).
default="default_value"
The default value for the item. If not specified, the current value of the key is chosen as default (if applicable).
values="entry1,entry2,entry3"
A list of entries (for the combo box and multiselect). The list has to be separated by commas (for the combo box) or by the specified delimiter (for the multiselect). If a value contains the delimiter, the delimiter may be escaped with a backslash. If a value contains a backslash, it must also be escaped with a backslash.
values_context="context"
Translation context for name attribute to separate equals words with different meaning (not required for in-file translations).
display_values="Entry1,Entry2,Entry3"
A list of entries that is displayed to the user. Must be the same number of entries as values and editable must be false or not specified. For the delimiter character and escaping, see the remarks at values.
value="foobar"
Specify a value to be entered in the <key> tag.
value_on="foobar"
Specify the true value to be entered in the <key> tag (default is "yes").
value_off="foobar"
Specify the false value to be entered in the <key> tag (default is "no").
editable="false"
The combo box is readonly, which means that the user can only select an item in the list.
use_last_as_default="true"
For combo boxes or text fields the last value is used as default. Using "force" enforces this behaviour also for already tagged objects.
rows="count"
Specify the number of rows in multiselect entry.
name_template="template", name_template_filter="search expression"
Custom name formatter for osm primitives matching this preset. See NameTemplate for details.
match="none|key|key!|keyvalue|keyvalue!"
Allows to change the matching process, i.e., determining whether the tags of an OSM object fit into this preset. If a preset fits then it is linked in the Tags/Membership dialog.
  • none: neutral, i.e., do not consider this item for matching
  • key: positive if key matches, neutral otherwise
  • key!: positive if key matches, negative otherwise
  • keyvalue: positive if key and value matches, neutral otherwise
  • keyvalue!: positive if key and value matches, negative otherwise
Note that for a match, at least one positive and no negative is required. Default is "keyvalue!" for <key> and "none" for <text>, <combo>, <multiselect> and <check>.

To support translations, all textual elements may be used in translated form. E.g. "de.name" would represent the name in case German language support is loaded.

Format description from XML document (needs to be joined with above texts)

item:

name: the text to display icon: the icon to display

  • relative to the icon path
  • URL's are also supported to allow remote icons (are cached locally) type: the data types - way,node,relation,closedway (separated by comma) name_template: define custom formatting for OSM primitives

see NameTemplate

preset_name_label: whether to insert "[preset name]" label in dialog

(defaults to "false" for backward-compatibility on external presets)

preset_link: a link to an other preset

preset_name: the exact name of the preset to link to

label: simple static text label

text: the text to display icon: location of icon to display (optional) icon_size: maximal size of icon (optional). If no value is given, default is 16px

optional: optional tags, short for "space" plus "label" plus "space"

text: the text to display (defaults to "Optional Attributes:")

item_separator: horizontal separator line between items (in window)

key: fixed key/value pair to be set

key: key to set value: value to set match: none/key/key!/keyvalue/keyvalue! (default is "keyvalue!", see below for more information)

text: text box

key: key to set text: fixed label to display default: default string to display (defaults to "") use_last_as_default: true/false/force (default is "false") auto_increment: may contain a comma separated list of integer increments or

decrements, e.g. "-2,-1,+1,+2"; a button will be shown next to the text field for each value, allowing the user to select auto-increment with the given stepping. auto-increment only happens if the user selects it. default is no auto-increment; mutually exclusive with use_last_as_default.

match: none/key/key!/keyvalue/keyvalue! (default is "none", see below for more information) length: length of input box (number of characters allowed) alternative_autocomplete_keys: comma separated list of alternative keys to use for autocompletion

combo: combo box, with multiple choices and possible to enter free form text

key: key to set text: fixed label to display delimiter: character that separates values (default: comma) values: separated list of values values_from: to use instead of "values" if the list of values has to be obtained with a Java method

of this form: public static String[] getValues(); The value must be: "full.package.name.ClassName#methodName"

display_values: comma separated list of values to be displayed instead of the

database values, order and number must be equal to values

short_descriptions: comma separated list of texts to be displayed below each

display_value. (Only if it is not possible to describe the entry in 2-3 words.) Instead of comma separated list

instead using values, display_values and short_descriptions, the following form is also supported:

<list_entry value="" display_value="" short_description="" icon="" icon_size="" />

icon: location of icon icon_size: maximal size of icon. If tag is not setup it is taken default size of icon file

default: default string to display (defaults to "") use_last_as_default: true/false/force (default is "false") editable: allow to add other values as text (default is "true") match: none/key/key!/keyvalue/keyvalue! (default is none, see below for more information) values_searchable: true/false (whether to search in combo (display_)values when searching for presets) length: length of input box (number of characters allowed)

multiselect: list of values from which zero or more can be selected

key: key to set text: fixed label to display delimiter: character that separates values (default: semicolon) - this

will also be used to separate selected values in the tag.

values: delimiter-separated list of values (delimiter can be escaped with backslash) values_from: to use instead of "values" if the list of values has to be obtained with a Java method

of this form: public static String[] getValues(); The value must be: "full.package.name.ClassName#methodName"

rows: specify the number of rows to display (default -1) display_values: delimiter-separated list of values to be displayed instead of the

database values, order and number must be equal to values

short_descriptions: delimiter-separated list of texts to be displayed below each

display_value. (Only if it is not possible to describe the entry in 2-3 words.) Instead of a separated list

instead using values, display_values and short_descriptions, the following form is also supported:

<list_entry value="" display_value="' short_description="" icon="" icon_size="" />

icon: location of icon icon_size: maximal size of icon. If tag is not setup it is taken default size of icon file

default: default string to display (defaults to "") use_last_as_default: true/false/force (default is "false") match: none/key/key!/keyvalue/keyvalue! (default is "none", see below for more information) values_searchable: true/false (whether to search in multiselect (display_)values when searching for presets)

checkgroup: group of checks

columns: number of columns

check: checkbox

key: key to set text: fixed label to display default: ticked on/off (default is "off") value_on: the value to set when checked (default is "yes") value_off: the value to set when unchecked (default is "no") disable_off: whether the off value is disabled in the dialog, i.e., only unset or yes are provided match: none/key/key!/keyvalue/keyvalue! (default is "none", see below for more information)

role: type to specify possible roles in relations

key: the role name used in relation text: fixed label to display requisite: optional/required (default is "optional") count: how often can the role occur (if not given unlimited number is assumed) type: the data types - way,node,relation,closedway (separated by comma) member_expression: an expression (cf. search dialog) for objects of this role

chunk: a template of elements for later (repeated) use

id: the unique identifier for this chunk

reference: include an earlier defined template

ref: the unique identifier of the (already defined) template to include

presets: For external files <presets> should have following attributes:

author: the author of the preset version: a version number of some sort (e.g. creation date) description: what is your preset meant to be shortdescription: very short description link: a link to a helpful website (optional) icon: an icon for the whole presets

The fields description, shortdescription and link may also be localized (e.g. de.link)

The fields "name", "text", "display_values" may also be localized (e.g. de.name). When translations of equal words but different meanings may conflict, a translation context should be specified. Use "name_context", "text_context" or "values_context" for this. The context should be a meaningful short description to help translators.

In JOSM internally all "name", "text" and "display_values" are translated when no specific translation has been given in XML file. When no "display_values" are supplied, then "values" will be treated as "display_values" and translated instead.

The match attribute allows to change the matching process, i.e., determining whether the tags of an OSM object fit into this preset.

  • none: neutral, i.e., do not consider this item for matching
  • key: positive if key matches, neutral otherwise
  • key!: positive if key matches, negative otherwise
  • keyvalue: positive if key and value matches, neutral otherwise
  • keyvalue!: positive if key and value matches, negative otherwise

Note that for a match, at least one positive and no negative is required.

Benutzung von Symbolen

Siehe Styles.

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