Changes between Version 4 and Version 5 of TracEnvironment


Ignore:
Timestamp:
2017-09-10T23:32:02+02:00 (2 months ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

--

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
Modified
  • TracEnvironment

    v4 v5  
    44[[PageOutline(2-5,Contents,pullout)]]
    55
    6 Trac uses a directory structure and a database for storing project data. The directory is referred to as the environment.
    76Trac uses a directory structure and a database for storing project data. The directory is referred to as the '''environment'''.
    87
     
    2423 - The user under which the web server runs will require file system write permission to the environment directory and all the files inside. Please remember to set the appropriate permissions. The same applies to the source code repository, although the user under which Trac runs will only require write access to a Subversion repository created with the BDB file system; for other repository types, check the corresponding plugin's documentation.
    2524 
    26  - `initenv` does not create a version control repository for the specified path. If you wish to specify a default repository using optional the arguments to `initenv` you must create the repository first, otherwise you will see a message when initializing the environment: //Warning: couldn't index the default repository//.
     25 - `initenv` does not create a version control repository for the specified path. If you wish to specify a default repository using the optional arguments to `initenv` you must create the repository first, otherwise you will see a message when initializing the environment: //Warning: couldn't index the default repository//.
    2726
    2827 - Non-ascii environment paths are not supported.
    2928
    30  - TracPlugins located in a [TracIni#inherit-section shared plugins folder] that is defined in an [TracIni#GlobalConfiguration inherited configuration] are not loaded during creation, and hence, if they need to create extra tables for example, you'll need to [TracUpgrade#UpgradetheTracEnvironment upgrade the environment]. Alternatively you can avoid the need to upgrade the environment by specifying a configuration file at the time the environment is created, using the `--config` option. See TracAdmin#FullCommandReference for more information.
     29 - TracPlugins located in a [TracIni#inherit-plugins_dir-option shared plugins directory] that is defined in an [TracIni#GlobalConfiguration inherited configuration] are not enabled by default, in contrast to plugins in the environment `plugins` directory. Hence, if they need to create extra tables, for example, the tables will not be created during environment creation and you'll need to [TracUpgrade#UpgradetheTracEnvironment upgrade the environment]. Alternatively you can avoid the need to upgrade the environment by explicitly enabling the plugin in the inherited configuration, or in a configuration file using the `--config` option. See TracAdmin#FullCommandReference for more information.
    3130
    32 {{{#!div style="border: 1pt dotted; margin: 1em"
     31{{{#!div style="border: 1pt dotted; margin: 1em;"
    3332**Caveat:** don't confuse the //Trac environment directory// with the //source code repository directory//.
    3433
     
    3938== Database Connection Strings
    4039
    41 You will need to specify a database connection string at the time the environment is created. The default is SQLite, which is probably sufficient for most projects. The SQLite database file is stored in the environment directory, and can easily be [wiki:TracBackup backed up] together with the rest of the environment.
     40You will need to specify a database connection string at the time the environment is created. The default is SQLite, which is sufficient for most projects. The SQLite database file is stored in the environment directory, and can easily be [wiki:TracBackup backed up] together with the rest of the environment.
    4241
    43 Note that if the username or password of the connection string (if applicable) contains the `:`, `/` or `@` characters, they need to be URL encoded.
     42Note that if the username or password of the connection string (if applicable) contains the `:`, `/` or `@` characters, they need to be [http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/dencoder/ URL encoded].
     43{{{#!sh
     44$ python -c "import urllib; print urllib.quote('password@:/123', '')"
     45password%40%3A%2F123
     46}}}
    4447
    4548=== SQLite Connection String
     
    8083}}}
    8184
    82 When running `createuser` you will be prompted for the password for the user 'tracuser'. This new user will not be a superuser, will not be allowed to create other databases and will not be allowed to create other roles. These privileges are not needed to run a Trac instance. If no password is desired for the user, simply remove the `-P` and `-E` options from the `createuser` command. Also note that the database should be created as UTF8. LATIN1 encoding causes errors, because of Trac's use of unicode. SQL_ASCII also seems to work.
     85When running `createuser` you will be prompted for the password for the `tracuser`. This new user will not be a superuser, will not be allowed to create other databases and will not be allowed to create other roles. These privileges are not needed to run a Trac instance. If no password is desired for the user, simply remove the `-P` and `-E` options from the `createuser` command. Also note that the database should be created as UTF8. LATIN1 encoding causes errors, because of Trac's use of unicode.
    8386
    8487Under some default configurations (Debian), run the `createuser` and `createdb` scripts as the `postgres` user:
     
    9598=== MySQL Connection String
    9699
    97 The format of the MySQL connection string is similar to those for PostgreSQL, with the `postgres` scheme being replaced by `mysql`. For example, to connect to a MySQL database on `localhost` named `trac` for user `johndoe` with password `letmein`:
     100The format of the MySQL connection string is similar to PostgreSQL, with the `postgres` scheme being replaced by `mysql`. For example, to connect to a MySQL database on `localhost` named `trac` for user `johndoe` with password `letmein`:
    98101{{{
    99102mysql://johndoe:letmein@localhost:3306/trac
     
    104107A single environment can be connected to more than one repository. However, by default Trac is not connected to any source code repository, and the ''Browse Source'' navigation item will not be displayed.
    105108
    106 There are many different ways to connect repositories to an environment, see TracRepositoryAdmin. A single repository can be specified when the environment is created by passing the optional arguments `repository_type` and `repository_dir` to the `initenv` command.
     109There are several ways to connect repositories to an environment, see TracRepositoryAdmin. A single repository can be specified when the environment is created by passing the optional arguments `repository_type` and `repository_dir` to the `initenv` command.
    107110
    108111== Directory Structure
     
    115118  * `attachments` - Attachments to wiki pages and tickets.
    116119 * `conf`
    117   * `trac.ini` - Main configuration file. See TracIni.
     120  * `trac.ini` - Main [TracIni configuration file].
    118121 * `db`
    119122  * `trac.db` - The SQLite database, if you are using SQLite.
    120  * `htdocs` - Directory containing web resources, which can be referenced in Genshi templates using `/chrome/site/...` URLs.
    121  * `log` - Default directory for log files, if `file` logging is enabled and a relative path is given.
     123 * `htdocs` - Directory containing web resources, which can be referenced in templates using the path `/chrome/site/...`.
     124 * `log` - Default directory for log files when `file` logging is enabled and a relative path is given.
    122125 * `plugins` - Environment-specific [wiki:TracPlugins plugins].
    123126 * `templates` - Custom Genshi environment-specific templates.
    124   * `site.html` - Method to customize header, footer, and style, described in TracInterfaceCustomization#SiteAppearance.
     127  * `site.html` - Method to [TracInterfaceCustomization#SiteAppearance customize] the site header, footer, and style.
    125128
    126129----
    127 See also: TracAdmin, TracBackup, TracIni, TracGuide
     130See also: TracAdmin, TracBackup, TracIni